Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2001 | Department of History

Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2001


Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2001

Table of Contents

"Finding the Way and Fixing the Boundary: The Science and Art of

Western Map Making," by Rollie Schafer

Abstract: The accounts of U.S. Army topographers clearly illustrate the techniques and technology used in the field to determine longitude and latitude precisely, the foundation of accurate map making. Because William H. Emory's detailed observational notes, including raw data, were published as appendices to his narratives, we can assess his topographical accomplishments quantitatively and compare them to those of his contemporaries and to modern standards. This paper describes the technology and methods used by the U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers during the Mexican War period and the challenges the engineers faced in making accurate scientific measurements in the field.

Key Words: U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers; William H. Emory; John C. Fremont; mapmaking

"'They Die Like Dogs': Disease Mortality Among U.S. Forces during the U.S.-Mexican War," by Ann R. Gabbert

Abstract: During the U.S.-Mexican War, high disease mortality resulted from factors in addition to the state of medical knowledge. In many regiments, established rules for military hygiene were disregarded due to disdain for formal training and professionalism, a characteristic of Jacksonian-era egalitarianism.

Key Words: U.S.-Mexican War; military medicine; disease; Jacksonian era; citizen soldier

"Lewis and Clark: Military Explorers, Scientists, and Physicians," by Volney Steele

Abstract: The Lewis and Clark expedition was successful in part because of the medical expertise of the two leaders. Limited to the medical intelligence of their time, they performed as well as any physician of the era and dealt successfully with a variety of ailments and injuries.

Key Words: Lewis and Clark; medical treatment; health; disease

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