Vol. 30, No. 2, Fall 2000 | Department of History

Vol. 30, No. 2, Fall 2000


Vol. 30, No. 2, Fall 2000

Table of Contents

"Progress Toward Professionalism: The Alabama National Guard on the Mexican Border, 1916-1917," by Ruth Smith Truss

Abstract: In June 1916 President Woodrow Wilson federalized the National Guard for Mexican border service. Because of the training and experience offered by this service, Alabama's Guard made great progress in becoming a more efficient, cohesive, and professional military organization. The value of such progress became evident in the Guard's contributions in World War I.
Key Words: National Guard; Alabama; Mexican border service; Arizona

"A Texan at War: Sergeant Travis Moore, U.S. Marine Corps, 1942-1944," by Robert J. Robertson

Abstract: Travis Moore, a Texas Marine during World War II, served with the 8th Marines in Samoa, Guadalcanal -- where he was awarded the Silver Star -- New Zealand, Hawaii, and Saipan -- where he lost his life. As his letters home show, Moore was reluctant to volunteer but willing to give his best; he longed for home but readily did his part in the Pacific War.
Key Words: World War II; Marines; Guadalcanal; Saipan

"Arrow Wounds and the Military Surgeon in the West," by Volney Steele

Abstract: During the Indian Wars of 1850-1890, military surgeons had to treat arrow wounds, a type of injury for which the surgeons had little training or experience. Using innovative instruments, their knowledge of anatomy, and surgical principles as ancient as war itself (including drainage, debridement, and removal of foreign material), these physicians achieved surprisingly successful results. Their performance was even more remarkable in view of the prevailing rudimentary understanding of bacteria, antiseptic techniques, and postsurgical care.
Key Words: bow and arrow; arrow wounds; hemorrhage and peritonitis; drainage and debridement; Joseph H. Bill; military surgeons

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