Vol. 21 (Fall 1991), No. 2 | Department of History

Vol. 21 (Fall 1991), No. 2


Vol. 21 (Fall 1991), No. 2

Table of Contents

"Fort Inge and the Texas Frontier Economy, 1849-1869," by Thomas T. Smith, pp. 135-156

Abstract: Military bases generally have an economic impact on the civilians closest to the post. Fort Inge, near San Antonio, had little impact in its early years, but as a settlement grew up around the fort, military spending had an increased impact on civilians. The early spending was on transportation of supplies, but demand for foodstuffs brought farmers closer to the fort.
Key Words: Fort Inge, military posts, Texas, frontier

"'Embarrassing Situation': David E. Twiggs and the Surrender of United States Forces in Texas, 1861," by Jeanne T. Heidler, pp. 157-172

Abstract: Southern sympathizer David E. Twiggs commanded Union forces in Texas in early 1861. He never received instructions from the Federal government on what to do if Texas seceded. When Texas did secede, Twiggs surrendered his command under conditions favorable to the Confederacy. Does he deserve to be called a traitor?
Key Words: Civil War, Texas, secession, David E. Twiggs

"On Villa's Trail in Mexico: The Experiences of a Black Cavalryman and a White Infantry Officer, 1916-1917," by Richard Melzer, pp. 173- 190

Abstract: The men in the Punitive Expeditionary Force under General John J. Pershing all experienced the harsh campaign conditions of northern Mexico as they searched for Pancho Villa. The white officer described in this article, though bored, had a much easier time physically than the black cavalryman. The cavalryman, though living under harsher conditions, seldom complained.
Key Words: Pancho Villa, John J. Pershing, black soldiers, Punitive Expeditionary Force, Mexico

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